Roberts Literature

Robert’s Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing, 10th Edition 

Intro to Roberts’ Literature: What is it?  How does it work?:

Roberts, An Intro lecture:



-Alice Walker’s Everyday Use, Page 6:

          Everyday, A:


          Everyday, B:


          Everyday, C:



-Ambrose Bierce’s An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, Page 83:

Owl, A:

Owl, B:

Owl, C:

Owl, D:



-William Faulkner’s A Rose for Emily, Page 91:


          Rose, A:

          Rose, B:

          Rose, C:

          Rose, D:

          Rose, E:


-Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried, Page 97:


-Luigi Pirandello’s War, Page 107:


-Sherman Alexie’s This is What it Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona, Page 129:


-Raymond Carver’s Neighbors, Page 137:


-Shirley Jackson’s The Lottery, Page 140:


-Jamaica Kincaid’s What I Have Been Doing Lately, Page 146:


-Lorrie Moore’s How to Become a Writer, Page 148:


-T. Coraghessan Boyle’s Greasy Lake, Page 168:


-Raymond Carver’s Cathedral, Page 174:


-Susan Glaspell’s A Jury of Her Peers, Page 183:


-Katherine Mansfield’s Miss Brill, Page 196:


-Guy De Maupassant’s The Necklace, Page 200:


Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace, A:

Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace, B:

Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace, C:

Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace, D:

Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace, E:



-Amy Tan’s Two Kinds, Page 206:


-Mark Twin’s Luck, Page 213:


-Stephen Crane’s The Blue Hotel, Page 229:


-James Joyce’s Araby, Page 246:




-Lu Hsun’s My Old Home, Page 250:


-Yukio Mishima’s Swaddling Clothes, Page 256:


-Cynthia Ozick’s The Shawl, Page 260:


-Ralph Ellison’s Battle Royal, Page 274:


-Ha Jin’s Saboteur, Page 284:


-Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Interpreter of Maladies, Page 291:


-Joyce Carol Oates’ Where are You Going, Where Have You Been?, Page 303:


-Eudora Welty’s A Worn Path, Page 314:


          Worn Path, A:

          Worn Path, B:

          Worn Path, C:

          Worn Path, D:



-Tom Whitecloud’s Blue Winds Dancing, Page 320:


-Kate Chopin’s The Story of an Hour, page 337:


Story, A:

Story, B:

Story, C:

Story, D:



-William Faulkner’s Barn Burning, Page 339:


-Ernest Hemingway’s Hills Like White Elephants, Page 350:


-Alice Munro’s The Found Boat, Page 354:


-Frank O’Connor’s First Confession, Page 361:


-Daniel Orozco’s Orientation, Page 366:


-John Updike’s A&P, Page 370:


-Aesop’s The Fox and the Grapes, Page 388:


-The Myth of Atalanta, Page 388:


-Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown, Page 390:


-Franz Kafka’s A Hunger Artist, Page 398:


-Luke’s The Parable of the Prodigal Son, Page 404:


Son, A:

Son, B:



-Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings, Page 406:


-Katherine Anne Porter’s The Jilting of Granny Weatherall, Page 410:


          Granny, A:

          Granny, B:

          Granny, C:

          Granny, D:



-John Steinbeck’s The Chrysanthemums, Page 416:


-James Baldwin’s Sonny’s Blues, Page 443:


-Toni Cade Bambara’s The Lesson, Page 462:


-Anton Chekhov’s The Lady with the Dog, Page 467:


-D.H.Lawrence’s The Horse Dealer’s Daughter, Page 477:


-Americo Paredes’ The Hammon and the Beans, Page 487:


-Edgar Allan Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher, Page 505:


Usher, A:

Usher, B:

Usher, C:

Usher, D:

Usher, E:

Usher, F:



-Edgar Allan Poe’s The Masque of the Red Death, Page 516:


         Red Death, A:


 Red Death, B:




-Edgar Allan Poe’s The Black Cat, Page 519:


-Edgar Allan Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado, Page 525:


Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado, A:


Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado, B:


Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado, C:


Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado, D:



-Chinua Achebe’s Marriage is a Private Affair, Page 549:


-John Chioles’ Before the Firing Squad, Page 554:


-Andre Dubus’ The Curse, Page 558:


-Dagoberto Gilb’s Love in L.A., Page 562:


-Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper, Page 565:





-Flannery O’Connor’s A Good Man Is Hard to Find, Page 575:




-Tillie Olsen’s I Stand Here Ironing, Page 584:


-Z.Z. Packer’s Brownies, Page 589:


-Petronius’ The Widow of Ephesus, Page 602:


-Tobias Woolf’s Powder, Page 604:





-Billy Collins’ Schoolsville, Page 642:





-Lisel Mueller’s Hope, Page 644:





-Robert Herrick’s Here a Pretty Baby Lies, Page 645:


 Here a Pretty Baby Lies:


-Anonymous’ Sir Patrick Spens, Page 649:


Sir Patrick Spens:



-Gwendolyn Brooks’ The Mother, Page 652:


Gwendolyn Brooks’ The Mother:



-Emily Dickinson’s Because I Could Not Stop for Death, Page 653:


 Because I Could Not Stop For Death:



-Robert Francis’ Catch, Page 654:


Robert Francis’ Catch:



-Robert Frost’s Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, Page 655:


          Woods, A:

          Woods, B:



-Thomas Hardy’s The Man He Killed, Page 656:


Thomas Hardy’s The Man He Killed:



-Joy Harjo’s Eagle Poem, Page 657:


 Eagle Poem:




-Randall Jarrell’s The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner, Page 658:


          Gunner, A:

Gunner, B:

          Gunner, C:



-Ben Jonson’s On My First Daughter, Page 658:


 On My First Daughter:


-Emma Lazarus’ The New Colossus, Page 659:


 The New Colossus:



-Louis Macneice’s Snow, Page 659:





-Jim Northrup’s Ogichidag, Page 660:





-Naomi Shihab Nye’s Where Children Live, Page 661:


 Where Children Live:



-Octavio Paz’s Two Bodies, Page 662:


 Two Bodies:


-Phil Rizzuto’s They Own the Wind, Page 662:


 They Own the Wind:



-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 55: Not Marble, Nor the Gilded Monuments, Page 663:


 Sonnet 55: Not Marble, Nor the Gilded Monuments:



-Percy Bysshe Shelley’s To—(“Music,When Soft Voices Die”), Page 664:


 To—(“Music,When Soft Voices Die”):



-Elaine Terronova’s Rush Hour, page 664:


 Rush Hour:



-Robert Graves’ The Naked and the Nude, Page 681:


 The Naked and the Nude:



-William Blake’s The Lamb, Page 682:




-Robert Burns’ Green Grow the Rashes, O, Page 683:


 Green Grow the Rashes, O:



-Lewis Carroll’s Jabberwocky, Page 684:





-Hayden Carruth’s An Apology for Using the Word “Heart” in Too Many Poems, Page 685:



 An Apology for Using the Word “Heart” in Too Many Poems:




-E.E. Cummings’ next to of course god america i, Page 686:


 next to of course god america i:



-John Donne’s Holy Sonnet 14: Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God, Page 687:


 Holy Sonnet 14, Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God:



-Richard Eberhart’s The Fury of Aerial Bombardment, Page 688:


 The Fury of Aerial Bombardment:



-Bart Edelman’s Chemistry Experiment, Page 688:


 Chemistry Experiment:



-Thomas Gray’s Sonnet on the Death of Richard West, Page 689:


 Sonnet on the Death of Richard West:



-Jane Hirshfield’s The Lives of the Heart, Page 690:


 The Lives of the Heart:



-A.E. Housman’s Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now, Page 691:


 Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now:



-Carolyn Kizer’s Night Sounds, Page 692:


 Night Sounds:








-Denise Levertov’s Of Being, Page 693:


 Of Being:



-Eugenia Montale’s English Horn, Page 693:


 English Horn:



-Judith Ortiz Cofer’s Latin Women Pray, Page 694:


 Latin Women Pray:



-Henry Reed’s Naming of Parts, Page 695:


 Naming of Parts:


-Edwin Arlington Robinson’s Richard Cory, Page 696:


Robinson, A:

Robinson, B:



-Theodore Roethke’s Dolor, Page 697:





-Kay Ryan’s Crib, Page 697:





-Stephen Spender’s I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great, Page 698:


 I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great:



-Wallace Stevens’ Disillusionment of Ten O’Clock, Page 699:


 Disillusionment of Ten O’Clock:



-Mark Strand’s Eating Poetry, Page 699:


 Eating Poetry:



-William Wordsworth’s Daffodils (I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud): Page 700:


I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud:



-Anonymous’ Western Wind, When Wilt Thou Blow?, Page 709:


Western Wind, When Wilt Thou Blow?:



-Anonymous’ Bonny George Campbell, Page 709:


Bonny George Campbell:



-Ben Jonson’s Drink to Me, Only, with Thine Eyes, Page 711:


 Drink to Me, Only, with Thine Eyes:



-Ben Jonson’s To the Reader, Page 712:


 To the Reader:


-Lisel Mueller’s Alive Together, Page 714:


 Alive Together:



-Sherman Alexie’s On the Amtrak from Boston to New York, Page 716:


 On the Amtrak from Boston to New York:



-Matthew Arnold’s Dover Beach, Page 718:




-William Blake’s London, Page 719:





-Elizabeth Brewster’s Where I Come From, Page 720:


 Where I Come From:



-Robert Browning’s My Last Duchess, Page 720:


Last Duchess:


-William Cowper’s The Poplar Field, Page 722:


 The Poplar Field:



-Allen Ginsberg’s A Further Proposal, Page 723:


 A Further Proposal:



-Louse Gluck’s Snowdrops, Page 724:





-Thomas Gray’s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, Page 724:


          Churchyard A:

          Churchyard B:

          Churchyard C:



-Thomas Hardy’s The Ruined Maid, Page 728:


 The Ruined Maid:



-Garrett Hongo’s The Legend, Page 729:


 The Legend:




-Dorianne Laux’s The Life of Trees, Page 730:


 The Life of Trees:



-C. Day Lewis’ Song, page 731:





-Robert Lowell’s Memories of West Street and Lepke, Page 732:


 Memories of West Street and Lepke:



-Christopher Marlowe’s The Passionate Shepherd to His Love, Page 733:





-Joyce Carol Oates’ Loving, Page 734:





-Sir Walter Raleigh’s The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd, Page 735:





-Christina Rossetti’s A Christmas Carol, Page 736:


 A Christmas Carol:



-Jane Shore’s A Letter Sent to Summer, Page 737:


 A Letter Sent to Summer:



-William Wordsworth’s Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey, Page 738:


          Tintern A:
          Tintern B:


-James Wright’s A Blessing, Page 742:


 A Blessing:



-John Mansfield’s Cargoes, Page 753:





-Wilfred Owen’s Anthem for Doomed Youth, Page 754:




-Elizabeth Bishop’s The Fish, Page 756:


The Fish, A:

The Fish, B:


-Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s Sonnets from the Portuguese, Number 14: If Thou Must Love Me, Page 759:


 Sonnets from the Portuguese, Number 14: If Thou Must Love Me:



-Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s Kubla Khan, Page 759:



-T.S. Eliot’s Preludes, Page 761:



-Louise Erdrich’s Indian Boarding School: The Runaways, Page 762:


 Indian Boarding School: The Runaways:



-Susan Griffin’s Love Should Grow Up Like a Wild Iris in the Fields, Page 763:


 Love Should Grow Up Like a Wild Iris in the Fields:



-Thomas Hardy’s Channel Firing, Page 765:


Channel Firing:



-George Herbert’s The Pulley, Page 766:


 The Pulley:



-Gerard Manley Hopkins’ Spring, Page 767:





-A.E. Housman’s On Wenlock Edge, Page 767:


 On Wenlock Edge:



-Denise Levertov’s A Time Past, Page 768:


 A Time Past:



-Thomas Lux’s The Voice You Hear When You Read Silently, Page 769:


 The Voice You Hear When You Read Silently:



-Eugenio Montale’s Buffalo (Buffalo), Page 770:





-Marianne Moore’s The Fish, Page 771:


 The Fish:



-Pablo Neruda’s Every Day You Play, Page 772:


 Every Day You Play:




-Octavio Paz’s The Street, Page 774:


 The Street:



-Ezra Pound’s In a Station of the Metro, Page 774:




-Miklos Radnoti’s Forced March, Page 775:


 Forced March:



-Friedrich Ruckert’s If You Love for the Sake of Beauty, Page 776:


 If You Love for the Sake of Beauty:




-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 130: My Mistress’ Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun, Page 776:


          Sonnet 130, A:

          Sonnet 130130, B:



-Stephen Stepanchev’s Seven Horizons, Page 777:


 Seven Horizons:



-James Tate’s Dream On, Page 778:


 Dream On:



-David Wojahn’s “It’s Only Rock and Roll, but I Like It”: The Fall of Saigon, Page 778:

 “It’s Only Rock and Roll, but I Like It”: The Fall of Saigon:




-John Keats’ On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer, Page 789:





-John Keats’ Bright Star, Page 792:

 Bright Star:



-John Gay’s Let Us Take the Road, page 794:


-Jack Agueros’ Sonnet for You, Familiar Famine, Page 795:


-William Blake’s The Tyger, Page 796:


          Tyger, A:
          Tyger, B:
Sr B Blake, 2


-Robert Burn’s A Red, Red Rose, Page 797:


-John Donne’s A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, Page 798:


           Mourning, A: 

 Mourning, B: 



-Abbie Huston Evans’ The Iceberg Seven-Eighths Under, Page 799:


-Thomas Hardy’s The Convergence of the Twain, Page 800:


-Joy Harjo’s Remember, Page 803:


-John Keats’ To Autumn, Page 802:


-Maurice Kenny’s Legacy, Page 804:


-Jane Kenyon’s Let Evening Come, Page 805:


-Henry King’s Sic Vita, Page 806:


-Robert Lowell’s Skunk Hour, Page 806:


-Judith Minty’s Conjoined, Page 808:


-Pablo Neruda’s If You Forget Me, Page 809:


-Mary Oliver’s Showing the Birds, Page 810:


-Marge Piercy’s A Work of Artifice, Page 811:


-Muriel Rukeyser’s Looking at Each Other, Page 812:


-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18: Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?, Page 812:


-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 30: When to the Sessions of Sweet Silent Thought, Page 813:


          Sonnet 30:


-Elizabeth Tudor’s On Monsieur’s Departure, Page 814:


-Mona Van Duyn’s Earth Tremors Felt in Missouri, Page 814:


-Deborah Warren’s Clay and Flame, Page 815:


-Walt Whitman’s Facing West from California’s Shores, Page 816:


-William Wordsworth’s London, 1802, Page 817:


 London: Sr B Wordsworth's Prelude and London


-Sir Thomas Wyatt’s I Find No Peace, Page 817:


-Cornelius Whur’s The First-Rate Wife, Page 828:


-Wilfred Owen’s Dulce et Decorum Est, Page 829:



-Thomas Hardy’s The Workbox, Page 832:


-Alexander Pope’s Epigram from the French, Page 834:


-Alexander Pope’s Epigram, Engraved on the Collar of a Dog Which I Gave to His Royal Highness, Page 835:


-William Blake’s On Another’s Sorrow, Page 836:


-Jimmy Carter’s I wanted to Share My Father’s World, Page 837:


-Lucille Clifton’s homage to my hips, Page 838:


-Billy Collins’ The Names, Page 839:


-E.E. Cummings’ she being Brand/-new, Page 840:


-Bart Edelman’s Trouble, Page 841:


-Martin Espada’s Bully, Page 842:


-Mari Evan’s I Am a Black Woman, Page 844:


-Seamus Heaney’s Mid-Term Break, Page 845:


-William Ernest Henley’s When You Are Old, Page 846:


-David Ignatow’s The Bagel, Page 846:


-Yusuf Komunyakaa’s Facing it, Page 847:


-Abraham Lincoln’s My Childhood’s Home, Page 848:


-Pat Mora’s La Migra, Page 849:


-Sharon Olds’ The Planned Child, Page 850:


-Robert Pinsky’s Dying, Page 851:


-Alexander Pope’s from Epilogue to the Satires Dialogue, Page 852:


-Salvatore Quasimodo’s Auschwitz, Page 853:


-Anne Ridler’s Nothing is Lost, Page 855:


-Theodore Roethke’s My Papa’s Waltz, Page 856:


-William Shakespeare’s Fear No More the Heat o’ th’ Sun, Page 857:


-Cathy Song’s Lost Sister, Page 858:


-Jonathan Swift’s A Description of the Morning, Page 859:


-David Wagoner’s My Physics Teacher, Page 860:


-C.K. Williams’ Dimensions, page 861:


-William Wordsworth’s The Solitary Reaper, Page 862:


-William Butler Yeats’ When You Are Old, Page 863:




-Gwendolyn Brooks’ We Real Cool, Page 887:


-Robert Browning’s Porphyria’s Lover, Page 888:




-Emily Dickinson’s To Hear an Oriole Sing, Page 889:


-John Donne’s The Sun Rising, Page 890:


-Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Concord Hymn, Page 891:




-Isabella Gardner’s At a Summer Hotel, Page 892:


-Robert Herrick’s Upon Julia’s Voice, Page 893:


-Gerald Manley Hopkins’ God’s Grandeur, Page 893:




-John Hall Ingham’s George Washington, Page 894:


-Philip Levine’s A Theory of Prosody, Page 894:


-Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s The Sound of the Sea, Page 895:


-Herman Melville’s Shiloh: A Requiem, Page 896:


-Ogden Nash’s, Very Like a Whale, Page 896:


-Edgar Allan Poe’s Annabel Lee, Page 898:


-Edgar Allan Poe’s The Bells, Page 899:


The Bells:


-Alexander Pope, from An Essay on Man, Epistle 1, Page 902:


          Essay on Man A:

          Essay on Man B:



-Wyatt Prunty’s March, Page 904:


-Edwin Arlington Robinson’s Miniver Cheevy, Page 904:


-Christina Rosetti’s Echo, Page 906:


-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 73: That Time of Year Thou Mayst in Me Behold, Page 906:


-Percy Bysshe Shelley’s Ode to the West Wind, Page 907:


West Wind:


-Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s from Idylls of the King: The Passing of Arthur, Page 910:


-David Wagoner’s March for a One-Man Band, Page 911:


-Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s The Eagle, Page 928:


The Eagle:



-Anonymous’ Spun in High, Dark Clouds, Page 932:


-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 116: Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds, page 933:


          116, A:

          116, B:



-Walt Whitman’s Reconciliation, Page 935:


-E.E. Cummings’ Buffalo Bill’s Defunct, Page 937:


-George Herbert’s Colossians 3:3 (Our Life Is Hid with Christ in God), Page 938:


-George Herbert’s Easter Wings, Page 939:


-Charles Harper Webb’s The Shape of History, Page 940:


-John Hollander’s Swan and Shadow, Page 941:


-William Heyen’s Mantle, Page 942:


-May Swenson’s Women, Page 943:


-Carolyn Forche’s The Colonel, Page 944:


-Elizabeth Bishop’s One Art, Page 945:


One Art:


-Billy Collins’ Sonnet, Page 946:


-John Dryden’s To the Memory of Mr. Oldham, Page 947:


-Robert Frost’s Desert Places, Page 947:


-Allen Ginsberg’s A Supermarket in California, Page 948:


-Robert Hass’ Museum, Page 949:


-George Herbert’s Virtue, Page 950:


-John Keats’ Ode to a Nightingale, Page 951:


Fears and Nightingale:


-Yusuf Komunyakaa’s Grenade, Page 953:


-Magus Magnus’ Empirical/Imperial Demonstration, Page 954:


-Claude McKay’s In Bondage, Page 955:


-John Milton’s On His Blindness (When I Consider How My Light Is Spent), Page 955:


On His Blindness: 


-Dudley Randall’s Ballad of Birmingham, Page 956:


-Theodore Roethke’s The Waking, Page 957:


-George William Russell’s Continuity, Page 958:


-Percy Bysshe Shelley’s Ozymandias, Page 959:




-Dylan Thomas Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night, Page 959:




-Jean Toomer’s Reapers, Page 960:




-Phyllis Webb’s Poetics Against the Angel of Death, Page 961:


-William Carlos Williams’ The Dance, Page 961:


-Virginia Scott’s Snow, page 972:


-Emily Bronte’s No Coward Soul is Mine, Page 978:


-Arthur Hugh Clough’s Say Not the Struggle Nought Availeth, Page 979:


-John Donne’s The Canonization, Page 981:


-Stephen Dunn’s Hawk, Page 982:


-Denise Levertov’s Hunting the Phoenix, Page 1037:


-May Sarton’s The Phoenix Again, Page 1038:


-Muriel Rukeyser’s Myth, Page 1040:


-John Updike’s On the Way to Delphi, Page 1040:


-E.E. Cummings’ in Just-, Page 1042:


-John Chipman Farrar’s Song for a Forgotten Shrine to Pan, Page 1043:


-Robert Frost’s Pan with Us, Page 1043:


-Emily Dickinson’s After Great Pain, a Formal Feeling Comes, Page 1058:


-Emily Dickinson’s The Bustle in a House, Page 1059:


-Emily Dickinson’s The Heart is the Capital of the Mind, Page 1059:


-Emily Dickinson’s I Cannot Live with You, Page 1059:


-Emily Dickinson’s I Died for Beauty-But Was Scarce, Page 1060:


-Emily Dickinson’s I Dwell in Possibility, Page 1061:


-Emily Dickinson’s I Felt A Funeral in My Brain, Page 1061:


-Emily Dickinson’s I Heard a Fly Buzz—When I Died, Page 1062:




-Emily Dickinson’s I Like to See It Lap the Miles, Page 1062:


-Emily Dickinson’s I’m Nobody!  Who Are You?, Page 1062:


-Emily Dickinson’s I Never Lost as Much but Twice, Page 1063:


-Emily Dickinson’s I Taste a Liquor Never Brewed, Page 1063:


-Emily Dickinson’s Much Madness Is Divinest Sense, Page 1063:





-Emily Dickinson’s My Life Closed Twice Before It’s Close, Page 1064:




-Emily Dickinson’s My Triumph Lasted Till the Drums, Page 1064:


-Emily Dickinson’s One Need Not be a Chamber—To Be Haunted, Page 1064:


-Emily Dickinson’s Safe in Their Alabaster Chambers, Page 1065:


-Emily Dickinson’s Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church, Page 1065:


-Emily Dickinson’s The Soul Selects Her Own Society, Page 1066:




-Emily Dickinson’s Success Is Counted Sweetest, page 1066:


Success A:

          Success B:



-Emily Dickinson’s Tell All the Truth but Tell It Slant, Page 1066:





-Emily Dickinson’s There’s a Certain Slant of Light, Page 1066:





-Emily Dickinson’s Triumph May Be of Several Kinds, Page 1067:


-Emily Dickinson’s Wild Nights—Wild Nights!, Page 1067:


-Robert Frosts’ The Tuft of Flowers, Page 1092:


-Robert Frosts’ Mending Wall, Page 1094:


          Wall, A:

          Wall, B:

          Wall, C:



-Robert Frosts’ Birches, Page 1095:


          Birches, A:

          Birches, B:



-Robert Frosts’ The Road Not Taken, Page 1096:





-Robert Frosts’ “Out, Out—“, Page 1096:


          Out, A:

          Out, B:



-Robert Frosts’ The Oven Bird, Page 1097:


-Robert Frosts’ Fire and Ice, Page 1097:


Fire A:


Fire B:



-Robert Frosts’ Misgiving, Page 1098:


-Robert Frosts’ Nothing God Can Stay, Page 1098:


-Robert Frosts’ Acquainted with the Night, Page 1098:


Acquainted, A:

          Acquainted, B:



-Robert Frosts’ The Silken Tent, Page 1099:


-Robert Frosts’ The Gift Outright, Page 1100:





-Robert Frosts’ A Considerable Speck, Page 1100:


-Robert Frosts’ Take Something Like a Star, Page 1101:


-Langston Hughes’ Bad Man, Page 1105:


-Langston Hughes’ Cross, Page 1106:


-Langston Hughes’ Dead in There, Page 1106:


-Langston Hughes’ Dream Variations, Page 1107:




-Langston Hughes’ Harlem, Page 1107:


-Langston Hughes’ Let America Be America Again, Page 1107:


-Langston Hughes’ Madam and Her Madam, Page 1109:


-Langston Hughes’ Negro, Page 1110:


-Langston Hughes’ The Negro Speaks of Rivers, Page 1111:


          Rivers, A:

          Rivers, B:



-Langston Hughes’ 125th Street, Page 1111:


-Langston Hughes’ Po’ Boy Blues, Page 1111:


-Langston Hughes’ Silhouette, Page 1112:


-Langston Hughes’ Subway Rush Hour, Page 1112:


-Langston Hughes’ Theme for English B, Page 1112:


-Langston Hughes’ The Weary Blues, Page 1113:




-Sylvia Plath’s Ariel, Page 1119:


-Sylvia Plath’s The Colossus, Page 1120:


-Sylvia Plath’s Cut, Page 1121:


-Sylvia Plath’s Daddy, Page 1122:


-Sylvia Plath’s Edge, Page 1124:


-Sylvia Plath’s The Hanging Man, Page 1125:


-Sylvia Plath’s Lady Lazarus, Page 1125:


-Sylvia Plath’s Last Words, Page 1127:


-Sylvia Plath’s Metaphors, Page 1128:


-Sylvia Plath’s Mirror, Page 1128:





-Sylvia Plath’s The Rival, Page 1129:


-Sylvia Plath’s Song for a Summer’s Day, Page 1129:


-Sylvia Plath’s Tulips, Page 1130:


-AI’s Conversation, Page 1134:


-Anna Akhmatova’s Willow, Page 1135:


-Maya Angelou’s Still I Rise, Page 1136:


-Anonymous’ (Navajo) Healing Prayer from the Beautyway Chant, Page 1137:


-Anonymous’ Lord Randal, Page 1137:


-Margaret Atwood’s Variation on the Word Sleep, Page 1138:


-W. H. Auden’s The Unknown Citizen, Page 1139:


          Unknown Citizen, A:

          Unknown Citizen, B:

          Unknown Citizen, C:



-Wendell Berry’s Another Descent, Page 1140:


-Louise Bogan’s Women, Page 1140:


-Arna Bontemps’ A Black Man Talks of Reaping, Page 1141:




-Jorge Luis Borges’ The Art of Poetry, Page 1141:


-Anne Bradstreet’s To My Dear and Loving Husband, Page 1142:




-Emily Bronte’s Love and Friendship, Page 1142:


-Gwendolyn Brooks’ Primer For Blacks, Page 1143:


-Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s Sonnets from the Portuguese: Number 43, How Do I Love Thee, Page 1144:


Sonnet 43:


-Robert Browning’s Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister, Page 1144:


-William Cullen Bryant’s To Cole, the Painter, Departing for Europe, Page 1146:


-George Gordon, Lord Byron’s She Walks in Beauty, Page 1147:




-Leonard Cohen’s “The killers that run...”, Page 1148:


-Billy Collins’ Days, Page 1149:


-Stephen Crane’s Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War is Kind, Page 1150:


-Robert Creeley’s “Do you think...”, Page 1150:


-E.E. Cummings’ if there are any heavens, Page 1151:


-Carl Dennis’ The God Who Loves You, Page 1152:


-John Donne’s The Good Morrow, Page 1153:


-John Donne’s Holy Sonnet 10: Death Be Not Proud, Page 1154:


Holy Sonnet 10: 


-John Donne’s A Hymn to God the Father, Page 1154:


-Paul Laurence Dunbar’s Sympathy, Page 1154:


-T.S. Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, Page 1155:


 “Prufrock”, A:

 “Prufrock”, B:

 “Prufrock”, C:

 “Prufrock”, D:

 “Prufrock”, E:

 “Prufrock”, F:



-James Emanuel’s The Negro, Page 1159:


-Chief Dan George’s The Beauty of the Trees, Page 1159:


-Nikki Giovanni’s Poetry, Page 1160:


-Daniel Halpern’s Snapshot of Hue, Page 1161:


-Daniel Halpern’s Summer in the Middle Class, Page 1161:


-Frances E. W. Harper’s She’s Free!, Page 1162:


-Michael S. Harper’s Called, Page 1162:


-Robert Hass’ Spring Rain, Page 1163:


-Robert Hayden’s Those Winter Sundays, Page 1164:


-Robert Herrick’s To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time, Page 1164:


To The Virgins: Sr A, Coy and Virgins


-A.D. Hope’s Advice to Young Ladies, Page 1165:


-Gerard Manley Hopkins’ Pied Beauty, Page 1166:


-Carolina Hospital’s Dear Tia, Page 1167:


-Robinson Jeffers’ The Answer, Page 1167:


-Donald Justice’s On the Death of Friends in Childhood, Page 1168:


-John Keats’ Ode on a Grecian Urn, Page 1168:




-Galway Kinnell’s After Making Love We Hear Footsteps, Page 1170:


-Yahia Lababidi’s What Do Animals Dream?, Page 1171:


-Katherine Larson’s Statuary, Page 1171:


-Irving Layton’s Rhine Boat Trip, Page 1172:


-Philip Levine’s Islands, Page 1173:


-Li-Young Lee’s A Final Thing, Page 1173:


-Alan P. Lightman’s In Computers, Page 1175:


-Liz Lochhead’s The Choosing, Page 1175:


-Audre Lorde’s Every Traveler Has One Vermont Poem, Page 1176:


-Amy Lowell’s Patterns, Page 1177:


-Archibald Macleish’s Ars Poetica, Page 1179:




-Magas Magnus’ Radical Crumb, Page 1180:


-Claude McKay’s The White City, Page 1181:


-Edna St. Vincent Millay’s What Lips My Lips Have Kissed, and Where, and Why, Page 1181:


-N. Scott Momaday’s The Bear, Page 1182:


-Marianne Moore’s Poetry, Page 1182:


-Lisel Mueller’s Monet Refuses the Operation, Page 1183:


-Howard Nemerov’s Life Cycle of Common Man, Page 1184:


-Jim Northrup’s wahbegan, Page 1185:


-Mary Oliver’s Ghosts, Page 1186:


-Simon Ortiz’s A Story of How a Wall Stands, Page 1188:


-Dorthy Parker’s Resume, Page 1188:


-Linda Pastan’s Ethics, Page 1189:


-Linda Pastan’s Marks, Page 1189:


-Molly Peacock’s Desire, Page 1190:


-Marge Piercy’s The Secretary Chant, Page 1190:


-Edgar Allan Poe’s The Raven, Page 1191:


          The Raven, A:

The Raven, B:



-Adrienne Rich’s Diving into the Wreck, Page 1193:


-Alberto Rios’ The Vietnam Wall, Page 1195:


-Luis Omar Salinas’ In a Farmhouse, Page 1196:


-Sonia Sanchez’s rite on: white america, Page 1197:


-Carl Sandburg’s Chicago, Page 1197:


          Chicago A:

          Chicago B:



-Siegfried Sassoon’s Dreamers, Page 1198:


-Alan Seeger’s I Have a Rendezvous with Death, Page 1199:


-Brenda Serotte’s My Mother’s Face, Page 1199:


-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 29: When in Disgrace with Fortune and Men’s Eyes, Page 1200:


-William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 146: Poor Soul, the Center of My Sinful Earth, Page 1200:


-Karl Shapiro’s Auto Wreck, Page 1201:


-Leslie Marmon Silko’s Where Mountain Lio Lay Down with Deer, Page 1201:


-Stevie Smith’s Not Waving but Drowning, Page 1202:




-Gary Soto’s Oranges, Page 1203:


-William Stafford’s Traveling Through the Dark, page 1204:





-Gerald’s Stern’s Burying an Animal on the Way to New York, Page 1204:


-Wallace Stevens’ The Emperor of Ice-Cream, Page 1205:


-May Swenson’s Question, Page 1205:


-Dylan Thomas’ A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London, Page 1206:


-Daniel Tobin’s My Uncle’s Watch, Page 1207:


-Chase Twichell’s Blurry Cow, Page 1208:


-John Updike’s Perfection Wasted, Page 1208:


-Tino Villanueva’s Day-Long Day, Page 1209:


-Judith Viorst’s True Love, Page 1210:


-Shelly Wagner’s The Boxes, Page 1210:


-Alice Walker’s Revolutionary Petunias, Page 1211:


-Edmund Waller’s Go, Lovely Rose, Page 1212:


-Bruce Weigl’s Song of Napalm, Page 1213


-Phillis Wheatley’s On Being Brought from Africa to America, Page 1214:


-Walt Whitman’s Beat! Beat! Drums!, Page 1214:


-Walt Whitman’s Dirge for Two Veterans, Page 1215:


-Walt Whitman’s Full of Life Now, Page 1216:


-Walt Whitman’s I Hear America Singing, Page 1216:




-John Greenleaf Whittier’s The Bartholdi Statue, Page 1216:


-Richard Wilbur’s Love Calls Us to the Things of the World, page 1217:


-William Carlos Williams’ The Red Wheelbarrow, Page 1218:


Red, A:


Red, B:


Red, C:



-William Butler Yeats’ The Wild Swans at Coole, Page 1218:




-Lisa Zaran’s Go On, Page 1219:


-Paul Zimmer’s The Day Zimmer Lost Religion, Page 1220:





-Anonymous’ The Visit to the Sepulcher, Page 1243:


-Edward Albee’s The Sandbox, Page 1253:


-Susan Glaspell’s Trifles, Page 1259:


-Betty Keller’s Tea Party, Page 1271:


-Jane Martin’s Beauty, Page 1276:


-Eugene O’Neill’s Before Breakfast, Page 1281:


-Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, Page 1314:


Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, A:

Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, B:

Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, C:

Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, D:

Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, E:



-William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Page 1355:


Intro to Shakespeare:

Intro to Hamlet:


Hamlet 1:

Hamlet, Act 1, A:
Hamlet, Act 1, B:
Hamlet 1, C:

Hamlet 1, D:

Hamlet 2:

Hamlet 2: A:
Hamlet 2: B:
Hamlet 2: C:
Hamlet 2: D:
Hamlet 2, E:
Hamlet 2, F:


Hamlet 3:

Hamlet 3, A:
Hamlet 3, B:

Hamlet 3, C:
Hamlet 3, D:
Hamlet 3, E:
Hamlet 3, F:

Hamlet 4:

Hamlet 4, A:

Hamlet 4, B:

Hamlet 4: C,%20Hamlet%204

Hamlet 5:

Hamlet 5, A:
Hamlet 5, B:
Hamlet 5 C:



-Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, Page 1456:




-William Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Page 1538:


Intro to Midsummer Night’s Dream, A:

Intro to Midsummer Night’s Dream, B:



-Anton Chekhov’s The Bear, A Joke in One Act, Page 1594:


-Langston Hughes’ Mulatto, Page 1618:


-Luis Valdez’ Los Vendidos, Page 1640:


-Tennessee Williams’ The Glass Menagerie, Page 1650:


-August Wilson’s Fences, Page 1701:


-Henrik Ibsen’s A Dollhouse, Page 1758:




Critical Approaches Important in the Study of Literature: